Wichita Daily Beacon Newspaper

Wichita Beacon, Sedgwick County, Kansas (1872 – 1980) In 1872 Fred A. Sowers founded the Wichita Beacon, a daily and weekly paper, and this was the first daily paper to be issued in Wichita. Editors Fred A. Sowers (1872 – 1876) Henry Justin Allen (1897 – ) In 1897 Mr. Allen purchased the Wichita Daily Beacon and in 1918 was the chief owner of that paper, the recognized leader in news distribution and in influence in the southwestern quarter of the state. The Kansas State Historical Society has the following issues available on microfilm or in original form. All papers […]

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Oskaloosa Independent Newspaper

Oskaloosa Independent, Jefferson County, Kansas (July 1860 – Present) John W. Roberts was strongly abolitionist, and seeing an opportunity for being of greater influence to that movement he sent his printing press and other materials out to Oskaloosa, Kansas, in 1860, and with his brother-in-law, J. W. Day, established there the old Oskaloosa Independent, the first copy of which was issued in July, 1860. The Independent was a strict republican organ, an official newspaper of Jefferson County, and its circulation included several Northern Kansas counties and the paper was read by hundreds in other states. The plant and offices were

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Oswego Independent Newspaper

Oswego Independent, Labette County, Kansas (June 1872 – Present)   The Oswego Independent was established June 22, 1872, by B. F. McGill. It was one of the very old and influential papers in Southeastern Kansas. It was issued weekly, had circulation in Labette and surrounding counties, and politically was a republican organ. W. A. Blair, editor and proprietor, owns the well equipped office and plant at 309 Commercial Street. Editors B. F. McGill  (1872-1880’s) Nelson Case (1880’s for 3 years) W. A. Blair   (1913-    ) The Kansas State Historical Society has the following issues available on microfilm. All papers listed are

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Wyandots Indian Tribe

The Wyandot tribe was anciently divided into twelve clans, or gentes. Each of these had a local government, consisting of a clan council presided over by a clan chief. These clan councils were composed of at least five persons, one man and four women, and they might contain any number of women above four. Any business pertaining purely to the internal affairs of the clans was carried to the clan councils for settlement. An appeal was allowed from the clan council to the tribal council. The four women of the clan council regulated the clan affairs and selected the clan

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Shawnee Indian Tribe

It is said that the name of this most remarkable tribe comes from Shawun, south, or Shawunogi, Southerners. They lived in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and other states before coming to Kansas. One of their early homes was on the Savannah River, which, indeed, took its name from this tribe. They called themselves Shawano, and “Savannah” is but a corruption of that form of the name. The Shawnees were the extreme southern people of the Algonquoian family. It is supposed that they settled on the Savannah at the invitation of the Cherokees, who placed them next to

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Quapaw Indian Tribe

The Quapaws are the Arkansas Indians. They were once a powerful tribe, claiming a vast territory which extended from the Mississippi to head waters of the Red River. As the tract remained at the time of the cession, it was bounded on the north by the Arkansas and the Canadian rivers, on the south by the Red River down almost to Shreveport, thence to the Mississippi River. The Quapaws represented the southern division of the Siouan family. Much of the land ceded by the Osages belonged of right to the Quapaws, and especially that bordering on the Mississippi in Missouri

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Pottawatomie Indian Tribe

The history of the Pottawatomies, even after they were in communication with the Europeans, is difficult and often obscure. Their name signifies People of the place of the fire. They came to be generally known as the “Fire Nation.” There is reason to believe that the Pottawatomies, the Chippewas, and the Ottawas originally formed one tribe. As one people they lived in that country about the upper shores of Lake Huron. The separation into three parts probably occurred there, and the Jesuits found them at Sault St. Marie in 1640. In 1670 the tribe or some portion of it, was

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Pawnee Indian Tribe

The Pawnee lands in Kansas were taken by the Government through treaties with the Kansas and Osages. The cession of the Pawnees in Kansas was insignificant. They had a much better title to Kansas west of the Blue than any other tribes. Irving found the remains of their towns on the Cimarron as late as 1832. Brower claimed to have traced them or their kindred from the Ozarks to the forks of the Kansas River. They lived on the Lower Neosho, in the vicinity of the present Vinita, in the time of Du Tisne. But they were despoiled by the

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Ottawa Indian Tribe

The Ottawas were found on the Georgian Bay by Champlain in 1615. They seem to have been a people who traded much with other tribes. They had developed a commerce in tobacco, medicinal herbs and roots, rugs, mats, furs and skins, cornmeal, and an oil made of the seeds of the sunflower. They were in close alliance with the Hurons, or Wyandots, from the first. And the Wyandots raised tobacco for the Indian trade. The history of the Ottawas runs much like that of the other tribes found along the Great Lakes. They claim that they owned the country through

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Osage Indian Tribe

The Osage tribe is theoretically separated into twenty-one fireplaces. These fireplaces were grouped into three divisions: The Seven Tsi-shu Fireplaces The Seven Hanka Fireplaces The Seven Osage Fireplaces (the Wa-sha-she Fireplaces) Each fireplace is a gens, so the Osage tribe is composed of twenty-one gentes, or clans. When the two “sides” of the tribe were fixed—the War Side and the Peace Side—there were but fourteen gentes in the Nation. At that time the Osage camping circle, or tribal circle was adopted. Positions for the fourteen gentes were provided. The circle is shown as follows. At some period after the adoption

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